Warning: fopen(./_log/php.log) [function.fopen]: failed to open stream: Permission denied in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 392

Warning: fputs(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 393

Warning: fclose(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 394

Warning: fopen(./_log/php.log) [function.fopen]: failed to open stream: Permission denied in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 392

Warning: fputs(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 393

Warning: fclose(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 394

Warning: fopen(./_log/php.log) [function.fopen]: failed to open stream: Permission denied in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 392

Warning: fputs(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 393

Warning: fclose(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 394

Warning: fopen(./_log/php.log) [function.fopen]: failed to open stream: Permission denied in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 392

Warning: fputs(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 393

Warning: fclose(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 394

Warning: fopen(./_log/php.log) [function.fopen]: failed to open stream: Permission denied in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 392

Warning: fputs(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 393

Warning: fclose(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 394

Warning: fopen(./_log/php.log) [function.fopen]: failed to open stream: Permission denied in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 392

Warning: fputs(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 393

Warning: fclose(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 394

Warning: fopen(./_log/php.log) [function.fopen]: failed to open stream: Permission denied in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 392

Warning: fputs(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 393

Warning: fclose(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 394

Warning: fopen(./_log/php.log) [function.fopen]: failed to open stream: Permission denied in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 392

Warning: fputs(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 393

Warning: fclose(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 394

Warning: fopen(./_log/php.log) [function.fopen]: failed to open stream: Permission denied in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 392

Warning: fputs(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 393

Warning: fclose(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 394

Warning: fopen(./_log/php.log) [function.fopen]: failed to open stream: Permission denied in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 392

Warning: fputs(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 393

Warning: fclose(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 394

Warning: fopen(./_log/php.log) [function.fopen]: failed to open stream: Permission denied in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 392

Warning: fputs(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 393

Warning: fclose(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 394

Warning: fopen(./_log/php.log) [function.fopen]: failed to open stream: Permission denied in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 392

Warning: fputs(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 393

Warning: fclose(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 394

Warning: fopen(./_log/php.log) [function.fopen]: failed to open stream: Permission denied in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 392

Warning: fputs(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 393

Warning: fclose(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 394

Warning: fopen(./_log/php.log) [function.fopen]: failed to open stream: Permission denied in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 392

Warning: fputs(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 393

Warning: fclose(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 394

Warning: fopen(./_log/php.log) [function.fopen]: failed to open stream: Permission denied in /_cms/site/modules/forms2.inc on line 1408

Warning: fputs(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/site/modules/forms2.inc on line 1408

Warning: fclose(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/site/modules/forms2.inc on line 1408

Warning: fopen(./_log/php.log) [function.fopen]: failed to open stream: Permission denied in /_cms/site/modules/forms2.inc on line 1408

Warning: fputs(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/site/modules/forms2.inc on line 1408

Warning: fclose(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/site/modules/forms2.inc on line 1408

Warning: fopen(./_log/php.log) [function.fopen]: failed to open stream: Permission denied in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 392

Warning: fputs(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 393

Warning: fclose(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 394

Warning: fopen(./_log/php.log) [function.fopen]: failed to open stream: Permission denied in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 392

Warning: fputs(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 393

Warning: fclose(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 394
Przyspieszenie edukacyjne w szkole wiejskiej Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski Zwiazek Gmin Lubelszczyzny Europejska Fundacja Społeczna Godne Życie
Menu Wyszukiwanie
Warning: fopen(./_log/php.log) [function.fopen]: failed to open stream: Permission denied in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 392

Warning: fputs(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 393

Warning: fclose(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 394

Warning: fopen(./_log/php.log) [function.fopen]: failed to open stream: Permission denied in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 392

Warning: fputs(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 393

Warning: fclose(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 394

Warning: fopen(./_log/php.log) [function.fopen]: failed to open stream: Permission denied in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 392

Warning: fputs(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 393

Warning: fclose(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 394

Warning: fopen(./_log/php.log) [function.fopen]: failed to open stream: Permission denied in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 392

Warning: fputs(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 393

Warning: fclose(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 394

Warning: fopen(./_log/php.log) [function.fopen]: failed to open stream: Permission denied in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 392

Warning: fputs(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 393

Warning: fclose(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 394

Warning: fopen(./_log/php.log) [function.fopen]: failed to open stream: Permission denied in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 392

Warning: fputs(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 393

Warning: fclose(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 394

Warning: fopen(./_log/php.log) [function.fopen]: failed to open stream: Permission denied in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 392

Warning: fputs(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 393

Warning: fclose(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 394

Warning: fopen(./_log/php.log) [function.fopen]: failed to open stream: Permission denied in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 392

Warning: fputs(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 393

Warning: fclose(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 394

Wyszukiwanie

  • Nazwa skarbu
  • Szkola zglaszajaca
  • Kategoria
  • Miejscowosc
  • Data zgloszenia
Logowanie
  • Login:
  • Haslo:

Warning: fopen(./_log/php.log) [function.fopen]: failed to open stream: Permission denied in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 392

Warning: fputs(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 393

Warning: fclose(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 394

Warning: fopen(./_log/php.log) [function.fopen]: failed to open stream: Permission denied in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 392

Warning: fputs(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 393

Warning: fclose(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /_cms/inc/tools.inc on line 394

Widok

  • Nazwa skarbuNarzędzie pracy - kołowrotek
    Szkola zglaszajacaSP Czułczyce
    KategoriaŻycie społeczne
    opis

    Najprostszy mechaniczny warsztat przędzalniczy do wytwarzania przędzy z włókien.Pierwsze kołowrotki powstały prawdopodobnie w Indiach około XI wieku i były tylko nieco rozbudowanym zestawem kądzieli i wrzeciona. Proces przędzenia był nadal nieciągły  (na przemian skręcanie i nawijanie), podobnie jak w poprzednim przypadku. Używano jedynie napędu wrzeciona przy pomocy korby. Nazywano go kołowrotkiem ręcznym i miał on już wtedy lepszą wydajność od wrzeciona. Wprowadzając napęd nożny i stosując wrzeciono ze skrzydełkiem doprowadzono do uzyskania procesu ciągłego. Podobne rozwiązanie stosuje się również dzisiaj, w niedoprzędzarkach skrzydełkowych. Kołowrotek używany był do przędzenia zarówno włókien zwierzęcych (wełna), jak i łykowych (len, konopie). Pierwsza wiadomość w Europie o powyższym przyrządzie pochodzi z 1298 roku, natomiast najwcześniejszy rysunek kołowrotka ze skrzydełkami pochodzi z pewnej niemieckiej książki ręcznie pisanej około 1475 roku.

    MiejscowoscCzułczyce
    Mapa
    N ° E °
    Data zgloszenia2007-12-21
    Dostępny do głosowania0

Fundacja Godne Życie Organizacja Pożytku Publicznego
e-mail: szkoly@fundacja.org.pl, telefon +48-667-660-200; 20-089 Lublin, ul. Biernackiego 22
Sponsor serwisu - home.pl - domeny, hosting, sklepy